Al-Biruni was a Khwarazmian Iranian scholar and polymath during the Islamic Golden Age.
He has been called variously the Founder of Indology, Father of Comparative Religion, Father of modern Geodesy, and the first Anthropologist.
He studied almost all the sciences of his day and was rewarded abundantly for his tireless research in many fields of knowledge.
He spent much of his life in Ghazni, then the capital of the Ghaznavids, in modern-day central-eastern Afghanistan.
He is known as a pioneer in the study of comparative religions, including Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam.
He measured the earth’s radius from Nandana Fort which is present in today’s Pakistan.
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