No matter how much we claim to know about the planet, there are still a lot of things we haven’t discovered yet.
Bright Side invites you to open your eyes to 13 different facts about the earth and its inhabitants that are rarely mentioned in text books.
13. Everest is not the highest mountain on the planet.
Of course, Everest is the highest mountain in the world if you count from sea level — it’s 29,029 ft. But if you count from the bottom of the ocean, then the highest peak in the world is actually Mauna Kena in Hawaii. It is 13,803 ft above sea level and 33,474 ft below sea level.
12. Exploding lakes
In the world, there are lakes that are dangerous not because of how deep they are but because there are dangerous gases inside them. One such lake is Nyos. On August 21, 1986, there was a huge catastrophe and as a result, there were many CO2 emissions. More than 1,700 people suffered.
11. Singing sands
The phenomenon of singing sands in the desert is caused by a friction of sand particles. The more the mass of the moving sand is, the louder the sound. Sometimes, the sands sound like some kind of an organ — you can check this out for yourself by watching the video.
10. Unknown species in the ocean
In fact, few people think about it, but we don’t know a lot about the creatures that live deep in the ocean. We know just as little about the ocean as we know about far-off galaxies. Today, we have learned about only 5% of the ocean and scientists keep discovering new species. The creatures you see in the photos above were found in June 2017 near Australia.
9. Antarctica is the driest place on the planet.
It’s amazing but the driest place on our planet is not a super hot desert like you’d assume, but rather, the cold McMurdo Dry Valleys in Antarctica. In some parts of the valleys, there hasn’t been any rain for over 2 million years. Nature there is so similar to The Martian that NASA even did a test with their space probe.
8. In the past, Earth could’ve been violet.
Some scientists are convinced that in the past, plants used to have a completely different pigment instead of chlorophyll (which makes the plants green). And this pigment used to make the vegetation look violet.
7. Crooked forest
This forest is located west of Poland not far from Gryfino. The trees that grow there are crooked and the reason is not quite clear. There are several theories: one of them suggests that the trees might have been curved by the wind or a snowstorm, or perhaps people made it that way on purpose when they were planting the trees.
6. Eye of Africa
The Richat Structure (also known as the Eye of Africa) is so huge that astronauts in orbit actually use it for navigation. Even though Richat looks like a crater, scientists think it was formed in a different way: erosion.
5. Sailing stones
In Death Valley, California, U.S.A., there is a phenomenon called Sailing rocks. It looks as if the rocks move from one place to another. Scientists believe that the reason for this is the huge pieces of ice that move.
4. Band of Holes
You can easily see these holes in Google Maps: they go from the north to the south of Peru. Archaeologists believe that the holes were used to store food in them when the Incas needed to pay a tax.
3. Uncontacted people
There are several tribes on Earth that live separately from civilization in different parts of the world and have no contact with other people. There is not a lot of information about them and it’s hard to take a photo of them. Some of the tribes are very hostile to strangers and it’s almost impossible to contact them.
2. Blood Falls in Antarctica
In Antarctica, there is a waterfall, and it’s not a regular one, it’s “bloody” and the water is salty. The huge amount of iron in the water makes the water red. And the source of the waterfall is an ancient salt lake that is covered with a 1300-ft-thick layer of ice. Scientists found that the lake is inhabited with microorganisms that get energy without sunlight.
1. The oldest water supply system
These holes are called Qanat — an ancient Persian system of water supply. There was an underground canal that people used to drink water from or would get water for their plants. Just think about this: it was made around 3,000 years ago!
Bonus: Flat Earth society
This sounds like a joke but as it turns out, there are a lot of people who are completely sure that the earth is flat. Here are some of the things they believe:
- The earth is a flat disc and the North Pole is in the middle.
- The sun, the moon, and the stars revolve above Earth.
- The South Pole doesn’t exist. Instead, there is an ice wall.
- The photos of Earth from space are fake, and all astronauts and Nasa’s participants are part of a huge conspiracy.
Even though this theory is nothing more than a joke, many people actually believe it. Well, at least they don’t believe the planet is on 3 whales…
Which of these facts amazed you the most? Tell us in the comment section below.
Preview photo credit iagua