18 Amazing Facts About Your Body That Explain a Lot

For centuries, the human body was a subject of studies and experiments and even inspired inventions like cameras and the Eiffel Tower which was inspired by the thigh bone. And you would think that throughout history there would be no secrets left to uncover, but this list will prove you wrong.

We at Bright Side find every aspect of human beings to be fascinating — from their kindness and compassion to the simple structure of an eye. That being said, we’re excited to share some interesting facts about the human body with you.

1. The human body can survive a lightning strike.

9 out of 10 people who were ever struck by lightning have survived the encounter. It doesn’t even depend on the state of a person’s body since the survivors’ ages range from children to people in their 50s.

2. A toothache and a headache are linked together.

Have you ever noticed that your toothache is linked to your headache? You’re not just imagining things — thanks to the trigeminal nerve that goes through your jaw to your head, those 2 pains usually go hand in hand.

3. The human brain can be more active during sleep.

Stages of the human sleep process were discovered in the 1950s and according to findings, our brains are busier when asleep than when awake.

4. We’re the only animal who can blush.

As a psychological or physical response to our environment, blushing can be perceived as cute and we are proud to say that humans are the only creatures on Earth that can do it!

5. Our brains can’t feel pain, but they take up a quarter of the body’s oxygen.

Our brain, as powerful as it is, possesses no nerve endings that would register pain or damage to it. However, for it to function, it takes up to 25% of all the oxygen your body gets.

6. Facial hair is the fastest growing hair on your body.

If you ever ask the male population about this, they will agree that they have to “face this fact” every day when they have to shave. It’s probably good that a lot of women find bearded guys attractive, right?

7. The nail on your middle finger grows faster than your other nails.

It may be inconvenient for your manicure upkeep, but it’s absolutely true: the middle fingernail grows the fastest.

8. The length of all your blood vessels is really impressive.

If you take each and every vessel in your body and put it back to back, they’d make up a length of 96,000 kilometers or 60,000 miles in children and a whopping 100,000 miles in adults.

9. The female heart beats faster.

Canadian scientists revealed that the female heart runs faster at about 1.7 — 2.3 hours ahead of the male heart. It has about 10 beats a minute more.

10. Your liver has over 500 functions.

Talk about busy bees — our livers do everything from filtering blood, breaking down and absorbing fats, processing cholesterol and some vitamins, and a ton more!

11. The acid in your stomach can melt down metal.

Can you imagine if you were carrying around a pouch of extremely powerful acid at all times? Well, you are! We’d never suggest trying this on your own stomach but just know this: it can dissolve metal over time.

12. Your feet make about a liter of water on a rough day.

13. Coughing can reach a high speed.

Your coughing can reach the speed of 50 miles per hour, so in some states, it’s faster than a car speed limit within the city borders.

14. The first trimester of pregnancy brings weird dreams.

Isn’t it peculiar, that during the early stages of pregnancy, women dream of frogs, worms, and potted plants? This could have an interesting meaning psychologically or have no meaning at all — but can’t we agree that pregnant ladies go through enough as it is?

15. At some point, you’ve been a cell.

This fact is simple but very weird — all of us at some point, for about a half an hour have been nothing more than a single cell.

16. Food affects our hearing.

Ever tried to ask anybody to do anything after a good lunch? Well, if they didn’t do it, it wasn’t out of spite. That’s because after a heavy meal, our hearing (as well as our energy level) worsens.

17. Growing older with less taste

Remember when olives were the worst food ever? If now they seem like a good pairing with a bunch of other foods with sharp tastes, it is because over time with the aging process we’re losing taste bud sensitivity and by the age of 60, people usually lose up to 40% of their sense of taste.

18. Sunburns affect your bloodstream.

Ultraviolet rays our skin receives during a sunburn affects the surface layer of our vessel system in a destructive way. Just another great reason to use sunscreen!

What other amazing body facts didn’t make our list? Be sure to share your views and what surprised you the most in the comment section below.

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-curiosities/18-amazing-facts-about-your-body-that-explain-a-lot-658060/

13 Eye-Opening Facts About Bohemian Rhapsody to Make You See This Movie Again

On the 28th of October, 2018, the world premiere of the Queen biopic Bohemian Rhapsody was released. Many people were very impressed by this film. However, some things shown in the movie differ from the truth. Avid fans immediately noticed what facts had been changed, while those who joined the army of fans only after watching the movie ended up having a not-so-correct idea about this story. But still, some of these falsehoods haven’t been noticed by even the biggest of fans.

Bright Side learned some interesting facts about the shooting process which revealed what “true moments” have been replaced with fiction at the will of the director.

  • The exact copy of Wembley Stadium where Live Aid had been held was built on an airfield in London since the 1985 version of the stadium doesn’t exist anymore. The director of Live Aid was present on set and was impressed at how precise the reconstruction was.
  • The Pepsi glasses on the piano are not a product placement. The whole performance was filmed in compliance with the smallest details, right down to the air kiss that Freddie Mercury sent to his mother from on stage.
  • In the movie, the band members of Queen have doubts about whether they should perform at Live Aid. They believed that preparing for a concert that would be seen by the entire world within 2 weeks after a long break would be impossible. In fact, the pause in their work didn’t last for more than 1 year and they released a new album called The Works in 1984. After that, they went on a big tour and were ready to perform at Live Aid.
  • According to the scenario, shortly before the legendary performance, Freddie told the group that he was HIV-infected. Though the final scene of the movie was very emotional with such an ending, it’s actually fiction. The singer didn’t know about the illness till 1987; he made a public statement on November 22, 1991, 2 days before his death.
  • The Canadian singer Marc Martel contributed several vocal recordings for the film with rehearsals and improvisations.
  • It wasn’t by chance that the singer took part in the recordings. Several years ago, Marc sent his cover versions of Queen songs to guitarist Brian May and drummer Roger Taylor. They were amazed at the similarities between his voice and the voice of Freddie and created a tribute project called Queen Extravaganza in 2012 where Marc performed the most popular songs all around the world.
  • Mike Myers, famous for his role of Austin Powers, played the role of EMI executive — the person who didn’t appreciate the “Bohemian Rhapsody” song. In 1992, in the movie Wayne’s World, Myers’ character sang “Bohemian Rhapsody” with his friends in a car.
  • By the way, the Queen band members didn’t break their contract with EMI. They did have some disagreements, but after A Night at the Opera, the band released many albums with this label.
  • Initially, it was Bryan Singer who was working on the movie but 20th Century Fox fired the director due to disagreements with the Queen participants and the actor performing the main role — Rami Malek. The biopic was finished by Dexter Fletcher.
  • In the movie, Freddie meets Roger and Brian after their concert when frontman Tim Staffell decided to leave the project. In fact, Freddie and Tim had been friends long before the appearance of Queen. When Staffel left the band Smile, Mercury took his place.
  • In the movie, guitarist Brian May composes “We Will Rock You” during a rehearsal in 1980; right after this scene, we’re shown fragments of their concert at Madison Square Garden. However, this hit actually appeared in 1977’s News of the World album several years before the concert.
  • According to the film, the cause of discord in the band was Mercury’s solo album contracts. The musicians didn’t share Freddie’s aspirations to something new and asked him not to leave the band. The frontman insisted on his new direction and Roger Taylor told him, “You’ve just killed Queen.” In reality, every participant was trying to start their own solo albums and Mercury wasn’t the only one. In 1978, Taylor himself recorded a single and released the Fun in Space album in 1981.
  • The official soundtrack of the movie includes several famous Queen songs and 11 recordings that had not previously been released. On October 19, 2018, Hollywood Records released a soundtrack on cassette, CD, and in digital format.

Interesting facts about Queen hits that aren’t related to the movie:

  • The song with the catchy bass line, “Another One Bites the Dust” was written by the bass player of the band, John Deacon in 1980. However, in 1979, the band Chic released the song “Good Times” with the bass part that sounded very much like the Queen song. In an interview for New Musical Express, the leader of the group, Bernard Edwards, said it wasn’t an issue. The only thing that was embarrassing him was the fact that despite the difference of 1 year, everyone was blaming Chic for plagiarising and insisted that it was them and not Deacon who borrowed the famous bass part.
  • The base of “The Show Must Go On” consists of a chord sequence from Eddie Money’s “Take a Little Bit” song. The theme of the song and the first verse were created by all the bandmates, while the lyrics and all the other parts were later composed by Brian May.

Bonus: The performance of Queen at Live Aid

Just like in other biopics, there are some inaccuracies in Bohemian Rhapsody. But despite these false claims, the fans of Freddie Mercury and Queen were satisfied with this film. What impressions did you have after watching the movie? Please tell us about it in the comments!

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-films/13-eye-opening-facts-about-bohemian-rhapsody-to-make-you-see-this-movie-again-652510/

10 Weird Facts Proving Your Body Is a Mysterious System

The human body is unique. It’s a very complicated mechanism which still has a lot of secrets scientists have been researching for centuries. But why don’t we try to figure out what the capabilities of our body are, and how far they can stretch?

Bright Side would like to tell you about a few amazing things our bodies are capable of.

1. Your brain is the largest flash drive in the world.

The memory of your brain has enough capacity to store 2.5 million GB of information. This is approximately 300 years of video. The peak of memory development occurs at 25 years old and it begins to decrease at the age of 50 unless you train your memory.

2. Your body can slow down its processes to protect you from drowning.

This effect is called the diving reflex. When your brain realizes that your body is immersed in water, it slows your heart rate redirecting blood from your limbs to the vital organs to conserve oxygen. The deeper you’re diving or staying under water the slower your heart rate is.

3. You were super strong when you were a baby.

Newborn babies are very strong for their size and weight. If a baby grasps a horizontal bar, it can hang there for a long time without getting tired. This palmar grasp reflex is inherited from our ancestors from when newborn monkeys had to hold on their mothers, grasping their hair. At the age of 3 months, babies usually lose this ability.

4. The length of all blood vessels inside our body is enough to encircle the Earth 2.5 times around the equator.

If you took all the blood vessels out of an average adult and laid them out in one line, the line would stretch over 100,000 miles. This is enough to encircle the Earth 2.5 times. Our heart, at the same time, pumps 5.7 million liters of blood on average during our entire life. This volume is enough to fill 3 Olympic-size swimming pools.

5. Men’s breasts can produce milk.

All humans, regardless of gender, have milk glands, milk ducts, and nipples. Men’s nipples can be stimulated to produce milk. This can also happen due to a hormonal imbalance caused by severe stress.

6. The color of your dreams can depend on the type of television you watch.

The type of television you used to watch when you were a child can affect the color of your dreams. This study showed that the majority of people who were brought up watching a monochrome television set see dreams in black and white. While people who were born after color television was invented have colorful dreams.

7. Your muscles are designed to lift tons.

In 1982, in Lawrenceville, Angela Cavallo lifted a 1964 Chevrolet Impala. The car fell off the jacks that held it up while her son Tony was working underneath it and it pinned him down. Mrs. Cavallo lifted the car high enough and long enough for 2 neighbors to replace the jacks and pull Tony from beneath the car.

This is not the only case where someone has done the seemingly impossible during an adrenaline rush. We have 640 muscles inside our body, the limits of which are unknown.

8. Your body is a machine of mucus production.

An adult body produces 1.5 liters of snot a day, on average. We swallow most of it without even paying attention to it. In addition, a body also produces one liter of saliva, 3 liters of stomach juice, 3.5 liters of intestinal juice, and one liter of bile.

9. The liquid that runs out of your nose can be from your brain.

The liquid leaking through your nose can be your brain fluid. Brain fluid is located around your brain and held in by a special membrane. Sometimes it can leak through your nose in small quantities as a clear liquid.

10. Your body is the most protected construction in the world.

In this picture, you can see a white blood cell chasing a bacteria, overtaking it, and devouring it. These cells are the “men in black” of our body that protect it from “evil invaders.” At the same time, our body also removes old and littered cells. For example, while you were reading this sentence 22 million of your cells died. In the following 30 seconds, your body will produce 72 million new red blood cells and will get rid of 174 thousand old skin cells.

Which one of your body superpowers impressed you the most? Tell us in the comments below.

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-curiosities/10-weird-facts-proving-your-body-is-a-mysterious-system-651960/

12 Movie Facts Only True Fans Know About

Many people can’t imagine their lives without films, but only true fans know about the features of the cast, work peculiarities, funny moments, and other little and big secrets.

For example, the first ever 3D film was shot in 1922, a dog called Indiana was Chewbacca’s prototype, and there’s a film that we’ll never see since it won’t be released until 2115.

Bright Side shares some interesting movie facts that you probably didn’t know about.

Prop movie money isn’t allowed to be very realistic.

This rule varies from one country to another. For example, in the USA, fake cash has to be one-sided. The size also can’t be the same as real money: cash may be less than 75% or more than 150% of the size of a real bill.

The risks of producing money that is too realistic were demonstrated during the filming of the 2001 movie Rush Hour 2 in Vegas. Some people attempted to spend the fake money they caught after the scene of an explosion at a casino.

There’s a Starbucks cup visible in every scene of Fight Club.

This wasn’t just an example of product placement, it was also a hint that there were too many Starbucks coffee shops in Los Angeles. Filmmakers had nothing against Starbucks coffee, they just wanted to troll this successful company. By the way, Starbucks representatives got acquainted with the script and allowed them to use the brand in this way.

Most American films made before 1929 have been lost forever. The world’s first 3D film is among them.

According to Martin Scorsese’s Film Foundation (a non-profit organization dedicated to film preservation and the exhibition of restored and classic cinema), 90% of films made before 1929 are lost forever. And the world’s first 3D film, The Power of Love, is on this list of lost movies. In the picture above, you can see a shot from the film. It’s the only thing that we’ve managed to preserve.

The film was made in 1922 with the help of the 2-camera, 2-projector Fairall-Elder stereoscopic format. The film utilized the red-and-green anaglyph system for the 3D experience and also gave the audience the option of viewing 1 of 2 different endings to the film by looking through only the red or green lens of the spectacles, depending on whether the viewer wanted to see a happy or tragic ending. Unfortunately, both versions are presumed lost.

There’s a belief that the Academy Award is named Oscar because the rear end of the statue reminded actress Bette Davis of her husband.

The award got its name in 1939. Before 1939, all winners used to get an unnamed statuette. Who came up with the “Oscar” name? There are several theories that answer this question. According to the first one, the name was granted in honor of one of Bette Davis’ husbands (you can see her in the photo.) Bette claimed she named it “Oscar” because the rear end of the statue reminded her of her husband, Harmon Oscar Nelson, when he got out of the shower in the morning.

According to another version, former Academy librarian and later executive director Margaret Herrick took a look at the statue and said, “It’s my uncle Oscar!” In reality, Oscar Pierce was Margaret’s second cousin, not her uncle.

The third version claims that the statue got its name thanks to columnist Sidney Skolsky who got tired of writing about “the gold statue of the academy” and decided to give it a name. By the way, this theory isn’t considered to be truthful since Walt Disney mentioned “Oscar” in 1934, a year before Skolsky’s article was published.

A real person inspired DreamWorks to create the image of Shrek.

Maurice Tillet, also known as The French Angel, was Shrek’s prototype. He was born in 1903 in Russia. At the age of 17, he noticed swelling in his body and was diagnosed with a rare disease, resulting in bone overgrowth. The boy had an attractive appearance which is why he was nicknamed “The Angel.” What’s more, it’s known that he could speak at least 16 foreign languages.

Stein’s original illustrations of Shrek didn’t draw comparisons to Tillet, but the final DreamWorks version did.

In cinema, there’s a term called “idiot plot.”

The term “idiot plot” comes from literary criticism. The idiot plot is “a plot which is kept in motion solely by virtue of the fact that everybody involved is an idiot and where the story would otherwise be over if this were not the case.” There’s also the term “second-order idiot plot.” Damon Knight, a science fiction writer and the creator of the term, said, “The second-order idiot plot is a plot in which not merely the principals, but everybody in the whole society has to be a grade-A idiot, or the story couldn’t happen.”

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was against The Shawshank Redemption because of a worm.

In the film, there’s a scene where the only animal of the film — a bird — is fed with a worm found on the plate of the main character.

The American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals told the filmmakers they could only use an already dead worm that died of natural causes. In spite of the fact that wild birds don’t usually wait until worms die to eat them, the already dead maggot was found and the real one was replaced.

By the way, some people care about animals that no longer exist. For example, some individuals think that Steven Spielberg created Jurassic Park using real dinosaurs and even “killed” some of them.

16-year-old Judy Garland was forced to starve and smoke cigarettes so that she wouldn’t gain weight during The Wizard of Oz shooting.

Unfortunately, it was a normal thing for Hollywood at that time. Film studios used to exploit actors and controlled their life (from their diet to their personal affairs.) Judy Garland used to maintain healthy weight, but the studio wanted her to be skinnier, so she started to only eat a small bowl of soup and a plate of salad per day.

She was also forced to smoke to suppress her appetite and, according to her memoirs, Garland and other young actors were forced to take amphetamines to keep them awake so studios could make more movies. After their work day, they were sent to the studio’s hospital where they had to take barbiturates so that they could fall asleep before the next work day.

All these things affected the actress’ health and appearance and were probably the reason why she passed away too soon.

George Lucas’ dog was named Indiana and she was Chewbacca’s prototype.

George Lucas said, “I had an Alaskan Malamute when I was writing the film. A very sweet dog, she would always sit next to me when I was writing. And when I’d drive around, she’d sit in the front seat. A Malamute is a very large dog — like 130 pounds, bigger than a human being, and very long-haired. Having her with me all the time inspired me to give Han Solo a sidekick who was like a big, furry dog. Not quite like a dog, but more intelligent.”

Of course, Indiana also became the source of Indiana Jones’ name.

Benedict Cumberbatch is related to Sherlock Holmes’ creator Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

Arthur Conan Doyle created a character that was later played by his distant relative. Benedict Cumberbatch and Sir Arthur have one ancestor — John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster the 3rd of 5 surviving sons of King Edward III of England who lived in the 14th century. John of Gaunt was Doyle’s 15th great-grandfather and Cumberbatch’s 17th great-grandfather.

What’s more, Benedict also played Richard III who he’s related to as well, according to the genealogists at the University of Leicester. He also has more indirect links to both Queen Elizabeth II and Lady Jane Grey through other ancestors in his family tree.

Though Marilyn Monroe was considered to be a plus-size girl, some skinny women can’t even fit into her clothes.

Marilyn’s plumpness is just a myth since many people have only seen her in Some Like It Hot. In this movie, Monroe was pregnant (unfortunately, all her pregnancies ended in a miscarriage), that’s why she weighed a bit more.

Available documentation verifies Marilyn’s dimensions: 36-24-34. Let’s admit that these numbers aren’t even near plus-size dimensions. Marylin’s clothes sold at auctions and displayed in museums prove she wasn’t that large. What’s more, the 50s size 12 (which Monroe used to wear) is equal to the modern size 6.

Robert Rodriguez and John Malkovich made a film that will be released in 2115.

The slogan of the film says, “The movie you will never see.” It’s a sad but true fact: no one who is alive now will see this science fiction film. But why 100 years? The thing is, the film was created in collaboration with a company that belongs to Rémy Martin, a French firm that produces and sells cognac. It takes about 100 years for a bottle of Louis XIII Cognac to be released to consumers. The film is to be released on November 18, 2115 — the same day when the cognac is to be released.

The plot is a closely held secret, but there are 3 teaser trailers: Retro, Nature, and Future. They don’t show any scenes from the film but depict 3 possible scenarios of the future. 1000 guests from around the world, including Malkovich and Rodriguez, have received a pair of invitation tickets made of metal for the premiere, which they can hand down to their descendants.

Which fact is the most interesting? Would you like to see 100 Years?

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-films/12-movie-facts-only-true-fans-know-about-651110/

20 Startling Facts About the FBI Most of Us Didn’t Know Were True

Founded in 1908, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has stood the test of time, dealing with all kinds of criminals. It has long been featured in popular culture, which is where most people see an edited version of what really goes on. From owning their own Bitcoin wallet to investigating Borat to experimenting with extrasensory perception, the FBI has truths that are actually far more broad, diverse, and intriguing than we could’ve imagined.

Bright Side has gathered some interesting facts and stories about the FBI that you might find surprising.

1. “Please don’t lock this door tonight” — Sincerely, burglars

In 1971, a group of anti-war activists broke into the FBI Delaware office by simply leaving a note on the door stating: “Please don’t lock this door tonight.” The burglary was unsolved for 40 years until the activists came forward in 2014. The files, which have now been documented in the book “The Burglary: The Discovery of J Edgar Hoover’s Secret FBI,” revealed many trade secrets and unfortunately for American citizens, evidence of widespread surveillance.

2. They investigated Borat.

Actor Sacha Baron Cohen had a team of FBI agents tracking his movements following a multitude of complaints when he was filming Borat in the United States. People complained about a “strange, mustached man traveling in an ice-cream van” and even labeled him a terrorist.

3. Many more celebrities were “Persons of Interest” to the FBI.

As for other celebrities, the FBI has files on many more than most would realize. Under their watch were high-profile people accused of being communists such as Frank Sinatra, Marilyn Monroe, and Lucille Ball. Other interesting case files, all of which are publicly available, have been made on the following high-profile people:

4. “Myspace Tom” caused a huge FBI raid by hacking a bank.

At only 14, Tom Anderson, creator of Myspace, caused one of the biggest FBI raids in Californian history after cracking into the Chase Manhattan Bank. His hacker pseudonym was “Lord Flathead”. The FBI was able to place a “cyber trap” to catch him. He wasn’t arrested due to his young age.

5. The FBI keeps an eye on the Burning Man festival.

The FBI keeps tabs on the Burning Man festival in Nevada. They admitted to having investigated the counterculture festival in 2010, looking for terrorist-related activities, but their only complaints were crowd control and drug-related issues.

6. They have a Bitcoin wallet

With the rise of cryptocurrency, and its added anonymity being exploited by criminals, the FBI has a Bitcoin wallet that contains seized Bitcoins. When Silk Road was shut-down in 2013, they seized 144,000 Bitcoins, but subsequently auctioned them off prior to the surge in worth we’ve seen in recent times. They’re probably kicking themselves now. Above is a screen-shot taken from when the first iteration of Silk Road was shut-down.

7. They take animal cruelty very seriously.

The FBI collects data on cruelty against animals and classifies it in the same category as a homicide, arson, and assault. The reason for this is that criminal psychologists have found links between animal cruelty and violence against humans, including serial killers. John Wayne Gacy, pictured above, began by torturing animals before becoming a serial killer.

Find more on the story of how data collection on animal cruelty came about here.

8. Einstein was labeled an “Extreme Radical.”

J. Edgar Hoover labeled Albert Einstein an “extreme radical,” and had his activities monitored. Hoover’s suspicions were based upon Einstein’s outspoken nature, particularly surrounding militant nationalism, capitalism, war, and racism. There were also doubts surrounding some of Einstein’s theories, such as gravitational waves, which has since been proven. By the time of Einstein’s passing in 1955, the file was 1427 pages long.

9. Until 2012, the FBI still used paper filing systems.

Until 2012, the FBI was still using paper filing systems. A failed attempt to implement their Virtual Case File system cost taxpayers over $100 million. A new system, code-named “Sentinel,” became active on July 1, 2012.

10. I bet he wished he had the “Get out of Jail Free” card.

Former police officer Jerome Jacobson, who became head of security for the firm that created the McDonald’s Monopoly pieces, illegally sold over $20 million worth of the rarest pieces. The investigation was turned over to the FBI, who gathered enough evidence to arrest Jacobson.

11. They experimented with Extrasensory Perception to help with cases.

The FBI investigated the potential of extrasensory perception (ESP), believing it could help with their counter-terrorism efforts. They abandoned the program after 3 years after deducing there was no scientific evidence to support this belief. Pictured above are Mr. Zirkle and Miss Ownbey performing an ESP experiment at Duke University in 1934.

12. Napoleon Bonaparte’s great-nephew founded the Bureau.

13. They wiretapped bootlegger’s during the Prohibition Era.

During the Prohibition Era of the 1920s, the FBI began their first wiretapping to catch people smuggling alcohol.

14. There were only 3 female agents for 50 years.

In 1922, Alaska Davidson (pictured) became the first female special agent in the FBI. Only 2 other women became agents in the 20s, and under pressure from J. Edgar Hoover they all resigned. The FBI didn’t have any female agents again until the end of Hoover’s directorship in 1972.

15. J. Edgar Hoover kept “secret files” to protect his directorship.

After J. Edgar Hoover died in 1972, he had served a 48 year directorship. Following this, congress changed the term length to be a maximum of 10 years for any future directors. At the time, the publicly known reason for his lengthy term was that he “personified the anti-communist efforts.” We now know that he kept “secret files” on anyone who could be a threat to his directorship, including members of Congress and even Presidents.

16. Their state-of-the-art laboratory began in a single room.

The FBI Laboratory in Quantico, now one of the largest and most comprehensive crime labs in the world, began as a one-man operation in a single room consisting of a microscope, a wiretapping kit, and basic handwriting and evidence analysis tools.

17. “Cover your webcam”, says James Comey

Ex-director, James Comey said he covers his webcam and recommends everyone do the same to protect their privacy.

18. “What took you so long?”

Robert Hanssen was an FBI agent until he was arrested for espionage in 2001 after leaving classified material at a dead drop site. He had in fact sold thousands of classified documents to Soviet and Russian intelligence for 22 years. When caught he said, “What took you so long?” He plead guilty to all charges and is spending the rest of his life in prison.

19. A hard combination to crack

Joya Williams and 2 accomplices attempted to sell a stolen sample of a new Coca-Cola product to Pepsi, who immediately referred the matter to the police. FBI agents posed as Pepsi executives to catch them red-handed. Coca-Cola keeps their secret recipes in a secure vault in Atlanta.

20. Walt Disney became an FBI informant.

Walt Disney gave to the FBI names of people he suspected to be communists during the McCarthyism period in the 1950s. In return, the Mickey Mouse Club was able to be filmed at the FBI headquarters.

Bonus: Hollywood vs Real Life

FBI agents are often portrayed in movies and TV shows as having exciting, dangerous, and unpredictable lives. While this may be true at times, the reality is not quite as glamorous as Hollywood would like us to believe. Agents work extremely hard to crack cases and keep the worst of the worst off the streets. The FBI recognizes the importance of a work-life balance and offers part-time positions to give their agents time to recuperate.

Which fact about the FBI did you find the most interesting? Have you heard of any others? Please let us know in the comments below.

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-curiosities/20-startling-facts-about-the-fbi-most-of-us-didnt-know-were-true-649360/

10 Curious Facts About the Human Psyche We’ll Hardly Find in Any Textbook

A person’s mind is as full of surprises as the depths of the ocean. Scientists are constantly studying the brain and learning more about new patterns of behavior. And the number of surprises is growing! For example, did you know that the smarter a person is, the fewer friends they have? Well, we didn’t. So now you can easily detect a genius among your friends.

Bright Side loves psychology and today we want to share the most fascinating facts about this science with you. And it’s all meant to make you feel better and to help you overcome life’s obstacles more easily.

10. People with a very high IQ don’t have many friends.

A long time ago when our distant ancestors were engaged in hunting and gathering, friendship was essential for the tribe’s survival as it was easier to hunt a mammoth together. People still make friends but not for the sake of its benefits.

However, a recent study showed that people with a high IQ don’t need a lot of friends. It happens because their brain is preoccupied with solving really serious problems and they perceive communication as a waste of time. But that’s not a reason to be satisfied with this situation. The study proved that friendship positively influences not only the psychological state but the health condition as well. That’s why sometimes it’s better to pry yourself away from books and talk to interesting people.

9. Depression changes color perception.

People suffering from depression often say, “Life has lost its colors.” This isn’t just a vivid expression, it’s a real medical fact. During a bout of depression, the retina becomes less sensitive to contrasting colors and patients distinguish colors poorly. It also works in the opposite way: if you’re surrounded by gray and pale colors, you’re more prone to depression and melancholy.

8. Don’t brag about your plans, otherwise nothing will come out of it.

If you decide to start something new (like not eat after 6 p.m., run in the morning, or learn a foreign language), never tell anybody about your plans. Overwise, nothing will happen. When you talk about your plans, your brain perceives this task as “done” and it’s very difficult to convince it of the opposite. It may sound like a superstition but psychologists have proven this correlation to be true with the help of serious research and inquiries.

7. Knowing a foreign language helps you make decisions.

To make better decisions, you don’t have to be cold-blooded: you just have to think in a foreign language. Scientists believe that people often act emotionally when they make crucial decisions. However, if you analyze the situation in a foreign language, the rational part of your brain will get involved so your approach will be more well-balanced and won’t include excessive risks.

6. Young people suffer from depression more often.

A survey shows that the most unhappy people in the world are those who are under 30. Men and women from 18 to 30 years old are more prone to anxiety and stress. And who said that youth is the most carefree time in life? Millennials sure don’t think so.

5. Tiredness can boost your creativity.

If you want to come up with a creative idea, it’s better to get tired. Creative thoughts often come to exhausted people because their brains work less efficiently: it doesn’t reject ideas that may seem crazy at first sight that you would usually say “no” to.

A crazy idea can become the beginning of a huge project. That’s why good ideas often come to our heads in the shower after a long work day. If you’re a morning person, your creative process can start in the evening and if you’re a late sleeper, inspiration may come to you in the morning.

4. 80% of every conversation is gossip.

The major part of any conversation is gossip and this factor doesn’t depend on gender: men are inclined to gossip just as much as women. Scientists have come up with shocking statistics: 80% of our conversations are just gossip and an exchange of information about friends and colleagues. However, gossiping isn’t that bad: it’s an important way of communication. It helps people maintain social connections. By the way, chimpanzees also love to gossip about their relatives.

3. You can buy happiness.

People say that it’s impossible to buy happiness. However, psychologists confuted this information: you can buy the feeling of happiness but the money should be spent not on yourself but on your relatives, friends, or charity. When we bring joy to others, we improve our self-esteem, perceive ourselves as more important and become happier and more satisfied with our life.

2. 20 seconds are enough to establish trust.

To establish trust, you should hug a person for approximately 20 seconds. Of course, only after you get consent. It happens because of oxytocin, a hormone that gets released when we feel safe (including when we’re with our loved ones) that calms down and relaxes us. So there’s one more reason to hug during long winter evenings!

1. 80% of your thoughts are negative.

Every day, 12,000 to 60,000 thoughts on average come into our heads. Our brains are more powerful than any computer. But take a look at what we spend our thoughts on: 80% of our thoughts are negative. And most of these negative thoughts repeat every day. So all the silly thoughts that come into your head every day are absolutely normal: it happens to everybody.

Which fact surprised you the most? Share your thoughts with us in the comments!

Source : https://brightside.me/inspiration-psychology/10-curious-facts-about-the-human-psyche-well-hardly-find-in-any-textbook-647860/

9 False Facts About Celebs That Everyone Still Believes for Some Reason

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Once a rumor hits the internet, it often spreads like wildfire. Even when there’s proof the story isn’t remotely true, good luck containing it. After a story gets repeated again and again, it gets virtually accepted as truth. 

So no, for the 1,00th time, Mr. Rogers wasn’t a sniper. Here’s that and 8 more celebrity “facts” that totally false.

1

Mariah Carey

2

Jennifer Lopez

3

Lauryn Hill

4

Mr. Rogers

5

Ozzy Osbourne

6

Marilyn Monroe

7

Steven Speilberg

8

Albert Einstein

9

Celebrities Dying in Threes

Source : https://www.distractify.com/entertainment/2018/11/19/zaWle/celebrity-myths-debunked

Impress Your Family With These First Thanksgiving Fun Facts

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Thanksgiving might be one of America’s favorite and most anticipated holidays of the year, but the details of its history are murky, at best. These days, we think of the fourth Thursday of November as a day to express gratitude to family and friends by sharing a meal together, with some background football potentially in the mix.

But our current-day Thanksgiving traditions weren’t always part of the holiday, which dates back as early as 1541, 80 years before the celebration at Plymouth we think of as the very first Thanksgiving meal.

Below is a cornucopia of little-known facts about Thanksgiving you can use for post-dinner trivia once the food coma hits.

Did Thanksgiving really happen?

This year, we’ll celebrate Thanksgiving on November 22nd, but many people wonder whether Thanksgiving really happened, way back when. The short answer is yes; the longer answer is yes, but it’s complicated.

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Way before Thanksgiving became a national American holiday, it was celebrated all around what we think of now as the continental U.S. According to the Library of Congress, Spanish explorer Francisco Vasquez de Coronado held a Thanksgiving feast back in 1541. In 1607, colonists broke bread with the Abnaki tribe in Maine, and a few years later, settlers also celebrated Thanksgiving in Jamestown, per Newsweek

But there’s a reason we think of Plymouth’s 1621 Thanksgiving celebration as the first — and that’s because that year, they partied extra hard. “The feast was held after the autumn harvest and was a three-day event that involved turkey, duck, lobster, corn and more,” writes Newsweek.

Where was Thanksgiving first celebrated?

If we’re to take Francisco Vasquez de Coronado’s 1541 Thanksgiving as the first feast of its kind, it took place in Palo Duro Canyon in Texas. That year, Francisco and his army of Spanish conquistadors celebrated in May, on the day of the feast of the ascension. 

“It was really not the same kind of thanksgiving as we understand the term,” explains Dr. Fred Rathjen, a history professor at Texas A&M. “It’s thanksgiving with a small ‘t’ in the service of the (Catholic) church, but not in the sense of a national holiday. But it did happen, and it is significant.”

The first Thanksgiving with a big ‘t’ happened in October 1621 between the Plymouth colony settlers and the Wampanoag tribe. It took place on the site where the first pilgrims are said to have landed on shore — in Plymouth, Massachusetts.

The best account we have of that day comes from a letter that English settler Edward Winslow penned a couple of months later. Although he never uses the word “Thanksgiving,” Edward details a pretty extravagant feast with “some 90 men.”

“For three days we entertained and feasted,” he writes. “And although it be not always so plentiful, as it was at this time with us, yet by the goodness of God, we are so far from want, that we often wish you partakers of our plenty.”

Who started Thanksgiving as a tradition?

We have some presidents to thank for getting the fourth Thursday of November off from work. The first “legal” Thanksgiving happened in 1789 when the first president, George Washington, proclaimed it an official holiday to commemorate the end of the Revolutionary War and the ratification of the Constitution, per HISTORY

According to Newsweek, he declared November 26, 1789 as a day for “sincere and humble thanks.” But Thanksgiving wouldn’t become an annual celebration until nearly a hundred years later, when Abraham Lincoln decided to make every fourth Thursday in November an American holiday.

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How did Thanksgiving get its name?

Although it’s tempting to think that the first pilgrims were just grateful for their bounty and decided to, quite literally, give thanks, the etymology of the holiday is slightly more meaningful than that.

If you’re versed in grade-school-level American history, you’ll remember that the first pilgrims came to the U.S. to flee the Protestant Revolution taking place in England. They believed they had a God-given right to liberty and decided to leave the old country to make a future for themselves in the New World.

But these pilgrims did carry along the English tradition of observing Days of Fast and Days of Thanksgiving. “When important decisions were made — before battle, during epidemics, or simply to avert God’s wrath — the entire community would be called to fast while they reflected upon their sins and showed their sincere contrition,” writes Ken Albala in the San Francisco Chronicle.

Days of thanksgiving were initially “used to recognize God’s providence and acknowledge his blessings, once again through prayer and fasting.” But somewhere along the way, people began to conflate the religious observation with the big 1621 feast, and settlements and colonies started holding “Thanksgiving feasts” during the autumn months.

Why is Thanksgiving on a Thursday?

According to the Farmer’s Almanac, people aren’t really sure why Thanksgiving is held on Thursdays. For one, no one knows for sure which day of the week the pilgrims’ big 1621 celebration fell on, but the tradition of holding Thanksgiving on Thursdays probably stems from a puritanical effort to distance the event from the Sabbath.

“Thursday was also a typical day for lecture in New England, with ministers giving a religious talk each Thursday afternoon,” writes the Farmer’s Almanac, predicting that this practice might have given way to George Washington and later, Abraham Lincoln, designating Thursday for the national day of Thanksgiving.

We wish you and your family a happy holiday and hope this article gives you guys something other than politics to talk about while you feast.

Source : https://www.distractify.com/trending/2018/11/16/1h2NyE/did-thanksgiving-really-happen

10 Harsh but Honest Facts That Shine a New Light on the World We Live In

Evolutionary psychologists believe that human nature is the reason for our behavior. It’s true that people sometimes make decisions that have nothing to do with consciousness. We’re inclined to enter into risk or buy expensive things because it’s a developed psychological mechanism. Though, we don’t necessarily choose danger and prestige consciously, we do think that they’ll make our life brighter.

In this article, Bright Side would like to talk about biological and social factors that affect human behavior. Some conclusions might seem immoral, irrational, and even offensive to you. It’s not our intention to make you agree with the authors of the studies you’ll find here, we just want to show you that there are different opinions explaining the motivation of different human actions.

1. Unpleasant people seem bigger and stronger to us than they are in reality.

Californian anthropologists Daniel M.T. Fessler and Colin Holbrook believe that our ancestors initially assessed their enemies by size, because a big enemy means a strong enemy.

These scientists conducted an interesting experiment. Some participants were tied down to heavy chairs as if they were supposed to be researched for the psychological effects of limb paralysis. Then photos of aggressive men were shown to them and they were asked to assess how tall and strong these men were. It turns out that the helpless participants believed that the sizes of their potential enemies were much larger than those who were not tied down.

An unpleasant person might seem bigger to you than they are in reality because you don’t want to (or simply can’t) deal with them. That’s why you prefer to stay away from this person thinking that the risks are too high.

2. We are inclined to believe different prophecies when we are in a bad mood.

Kathryn Greenaway from Australia conducted a pretty interesting experiment. She divided research participants into 3 groups. The first group was asked to recall moments triumph or just happy moments from their lives, the second one was asked to recall anything insignificant, and the third group was asked to recall something humiliating that had happened to them. Then all the participants were asked about different prophecies and extrasensory abilities. Those who had recalled unpleasant situations were more willing to believe in prophecies.

Doctor Greenaway described her conclusions in the article “Loss of control increases belief in precognition and belief in precognition increases control.” A person is much more easily influenced if they are upset and psychic swindlers are very well aware of this fact.

3. Money can really make you happy.

Even in now distant 1964, The Beatles sang that you can’t buy love. Well, you can’t buy love but you can definitely buy happiness, at least scientists think that it’s possible.

Grant E. Donnelly conducted research showing that wealth is really important. But when your income reaches a certain level, its further growth makes you feel less satisfied. The origin of wealth affects our happiness too. A lottery win or a marriage of convenience brings less happiness to you than the money you earned with your own work.

The main areas in which money brings happiness are freedom of choice and a lack of cares related to financial problems. Money also provides an opportunity to make your loved ones happier.

4. Expensive and impractical things you buy signify that you are poor.

A lot of people have different useless things at home which they bought and have never used, like kitchen appliances, a treadmill that gathers dust in the basement, or beautiful shoes that they can’t really wear. All this stuff is like a suitcase without a handle: they are of no use to you, but you still can’t find the courage to throw them out.

The interesting fact is that people with upper to middle incomes prefer cars from a medium price range while people with below-average incomes choose prestigious and expensive cars that highlight their status. Do you think it’s paradoxical? Not at all.

The point is that rich people know exactly how much car servicing and maintaining will be. Poor people, on the other hand, don’t think about how much they’ll have to spend on insurance and fuel for their expensive car. The most important thing to them is to get this status symbol of a rich life no matter what the result is.

A poor person wants to get rich in order to buy new and expensive toys. If they have some extra money they immediately buy something like a plasma TV or a new iPhone. However, their wealth is only an illusion because when the money is over, they’ll have to limit themselves on everything.

5. People prefer to avoid facts that don’t comply with their convictions.

People like to have debates on different topics whether it’s health reform or same-sex marriage. But why don’t they change their opinion even if there are undeniable facts? Different studies have proven that people refuse to admit evidence which doesn’t adhere to what they already believe.

For example, many people criticize vaccinations because they believe they’re the cause of autism. Even if facts prove that there is no connection between vaccinations and autism they won’t change their opinion and will still stand their ground.

Subjectivity can be treated with facts, self-education, and the ability to admit mistakes. But the power of facts isn’t limitless. People are ready to ignore evidence and to stand up for their convictions in order to avoid the conclusions that are unpleasant to them.

6. A smoker knows that nicotine kills but they don’t quit smoking.

You think of yourself as a practical person but still you can’t resist buying a new pair of sneakers with the last of your money. And you don’t feel joy after that, only guilt, because you’ve already bought 3 pairs of sneakers this month. The same goes for smokers who are aware of nicotine’s harmful effects but they still continue to smoke, or for people who are on a diet but they can’t resist eating cake. These situations are all examples of cognitive dissonance.

It happens when our ideas, convictions, or behavior contradict one another. The problem is that when a person tries to get rid of cognitive dissonance they don’t look for truth, but try to find excuses for their bad habits like, “I smoke because my satisfaction overshadows the harm to my health,” or “I eat at night because my stomach craves food during this time.” Other opinions are not taken into consideration.

7. Sons decrease the probability of divorce.

Economists Gordon B. Dahl and Enrico Moretti conducted research and discovered an interesting fact. Couples who have at least one son have lesser risk for divorce than couples who have only daughters.

The researchers say that the reason lies in our biological instincts. Since the value of a male partner is defined by his wealth, status, and power, a father has to make sure that his son will inherit these resources. This is especially true for rich families.

Perhaps this theory was plausible a few centuries ago but it’s hard to believe it can be true in the 21st century despite the results of this study. The social roles of men and women have significantly changed in recent times. No wonder, Edmond de Goncourt said that “statistics are the first of the inexact sciences.”

8. Good-looking couples usually have daughters.

According to the Trivers—Willard hypothesis, wealthy parents have more sons, while less wealthy but more good-looking parents usually have daughters. This happens due to the fact that children inherit the looks, wealth, and social status of their parents.

So, the gender of kids depends on what they can inherit from their parents. If it’s physical attractiveness then it’s highly probable that a family will have a girl, while if it’s financial wealth then it’s highly probable that they’ll have a son. The probability of having a son in a millionaire’s family is about 65%. At the same time, girls are born more often during wars and natural disasters.

Still this hypothesis isn’t a must. Howard Schultz, Jim Carrey, and Tom Cruise were born in really poor families but they have achieved success despite this fact. While Barack Obama and Vladimir Putin have only daughters which also contradicts this theory. So, enjoy being a parent to whichever gender your kids are.

9. People are more inclined to humiliate others if they have problems with self-confidence.

The desire to insult or humiliate another person roots in a problematic background. A woman brawling in a bus, a man calling his wife fat and stupid, or children bullying their classmate at school all lack self-confidence and try to show their worth with brute force.

At the same time, these people are sure that their negative attitude toward others has nothing to do with their self-awareness. So, before making a decision to insult someone, ask yourself, “Am I trying to assert myself or to bolster my self-esteem?”

10. Bill Gates and Paul McCartney have something in common with criminals.

Men are more inclined to exhibit risky behavior when they are teenagers. In the period between 20 and 40 years old, it gradually decreases while at a mature age it disappears almost completely. It’s called the age-crime curve.

Psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa conducted research which showed that age-genius curve (the distribution of age of musicians, writers, and artists at the time of their greatest contributions in their careers) is similar to the age distribution of criminals.

Bill Gates has become a successful businessman but he doesn’t make major breakthroughs any more. J. D. Salinger didn’t publish anything for a period of almost 30 years. This behavior is explained by the fact that men want to impress others in their youth but this desire fades away when they grow older. This also happens more often when men get married and have children.

Do you think the scientists are right, or maybe they overestimate the influence of biological factors on our behavior? Are there theories in this list which you completely disagree with? Tell us in the comments below.

Source : https://brightside.me/inspiration-psychology/10-harsh-but-honest-facts-that-shine-a-new-light-on-the-world-we-live-in-646310/

15 Backstage Facts About Famous Movies Most Viewers Don’t Know About

A regular viewer will never even realize half of what is happening on the set of famous movies. What do you think the creators of The Matrix were inspired by when they came up with the green running symbols on the screen? Or what irreversible thing did Kurt Russell do on the set of The Hateful Eight?

Bright Side has learned some backstage secrets of Hollywood movies and wants to share them with you right now.

  • In Pretty Woman, Julia Roberts was completely against taking part in nude scenes. But the director of the movie found a way out and in some scenes, Julia was replaced by professional dancer Shelley Michelle. More than that, on the poster of the movie, we are actually seeing only Julia’s head, the rest of her body belongs to her stunt double. By the way, on the poster, Richard Gere has brown hair and in the movie, it’s already grey.
  • In Titanic, the shooting of a rather small scene at dinner on the first class deck took almost 2 days. The thing is, there were a lot of important details in the episode, a lot of close-up shots, glances, and short lines. On the second day, the actors started making faces and laughing and Leonardo DiCaprio looked at the utensils and asked Kathy Bates if she knew which of the forks was used for a lobotomy.
  • Do you remember the scene with chest hair removal from The 40-Year-Old-Virgin? Steve Carell had to experience this procedure for real. The director thought that the emotions at this moment had to be real: he shot the scene in one take using 5 cameras at once to make sure everything worked the way it should.
  • In order to show one of The Hangover characters lose his tooth, the creators didn’t have to use really complex makeup techniques. For some reason, Ed Helms never had that one tooth, so in certain scenes, he just had to remove his implant.
  • How was it possible that Lock, Stock, and Two Smoking Barrels, the first Guy Ritchie movie done by a director nobody knew back then, managed to get the worldwide famous singer Sting? The wife of the singer Trudie Styler is the head of a production agency. Once, Trudie saw a short movie called The Hard Case. She loved it so much that she risked investing her money into shooting a full movie and even managed to convince her husband to take part in the future movie. This was how Sting appeared in the small but memorable role as the bar owner and father of the main character. And this movie made Guy Ritchie one of the most famous directors of our modern day.
  • In Inside Out, the creators left an interesting Easter Egg: all the characters have the same eye color as their emotions except for Joy and Sadness: they both have blue eyes. By doing this, the creators wanted to highlight the fact that Joy and Sadness always go together.
  • The director of The Shining, Stanley Kubrick, was famous for being a perfectionist. So, instead of the 17 weeks he planned to spend shooting the movie, he ended up spending 51 weeks. For example, the dialogue scene between Shelley Duvall and Jack Nicholson was shot 127 times, and in order to shoot the “Here’s Johnny” scene, they only needed 3 days and 60 doors.

    By the way, in order to shoot this scene, they used special light doors that Jack Nicholson (who used to work as a firefighter) broke way too easily. So, for the next takes, they had to get heavier and more sturdy doors.

  • In the movie Unthinkable, the creators decided to not overcomplicate things in order to show how to defuse a bomb under pressure: in the movie, they used Microsoft Excel to do it. Amazing!
  • In one of his interviews, the production and concept designer of The Matrix, Simon Whiteley, revealed his inspiration for creating the famous green lines of code on the screens. It was simple: he used the Japanese hieroglyphics from his wife’s cook books.
  • In one of the scenes of The Hateful Eight, Kurt Russel’s character breaks a guitar. The Martin Museum offered a rare guitar that was made in 1870 especially for this scene and there were several replicas made. It was assumed that there would be a replica used in the scene and that Russel wouldn’t break the original. But something went wrong and the actor was not warned about the value of this guitar. So, during shooting he, according to the script, completely destroyed the guitar. As a result, the museum said they would never lend out any more guitars for shooting any more movies.
  • In Shawshank Redemption, it took 9 hours to shoot the first conversation between Andy and Red. During this time, actor Morgan Freeman just kept playing with the ball and never complained even once, but the next day he came in with a bandaged arm. And this scene was not the only one that required a lot of takes.

    The director of the movie wasn’t great at explaining exactly what he didn’t like, so there was a lot of arguing on the set. During one of these arguments, Freeman said he would not do second takes without an explanation.

  • In the opening scene of Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, you can see Voldemort’s snake Nagini moving on the logo of Warner Bros. Pictures. It was done for a reason: the snake appears in one of the first scenes of the movie.
  • The artist Margaret Keane, who the movie Big Eyes is about, was in one of its scenes. She portrayed a woman sitting on a bench and reading a book behind the back of the main character. You can see the photo where the actress Amy Adams and the artist are together right at the end of the move, before the main credits.
  • The budget of Dallas Buyers Club was relatively small. For example, there was only $250 for the makeup during the entire shooting process. What is more interesting is that Adruitha Lee and Robin Mathews, who worked as makeup artists on the set, received an Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling.
  • In The Greatest Showman, there is an interesting Easter Egg in the opening credits. We can see a picture of Wolverine’s claws. The main character in this movie was portrayed by Hugh Jackman — the best Wolverine ever.

Do you know any backstage stories about famous movies? Tell us in the comment section below.

Source : https://brightside.me/wonder-films/15-backstage-facts-about-famous-movies-most-viewers-dont-know-about-644310/